Pompeii is the historical catalog of Italy and was inhabited by Greeks in 8th Century B.C. Wealthy people used to come and take a sunbath at the Bay of Naples as this region was situated near volcanic active Mount Vesuvius. Around five miles away from the mountain was the flourishing city of Pompeii, where people used to gather in markets and open- air squares. One fateful day (79 A.D.), Mount Vesuvius erupted and engulfed 20,000 people living in and around Pompeii.
Mount Vesuvius has not erupted since 1944 and is one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world. Experts say that if it erupts 3 million people will face the catastrophe living within 20 miles of the crater. Nobody explored Pompeii until 1748 as the city was buried under the flood of ashes.
Everything was intact and preserved underneath the blanket of dust and ash. During the archaeological exploration, the city was found in the exact way how it was 2,000 years ago. The rediscovering of the city led to an era of ‘Neo- classical revival.' The same concept is mimicked by rich people of many countries such as the UK. They create rooms where the body of the dead person is kept in the same dress which he/she was wearing when they died. These rooms are called Etruscan rooms.
Even today people visiting that place find it equally eerie as it was 300 years ago when it was first rediscovered. Pompeii is filled with solid remains like architectural wonders, jars or preserved fruits and even loaves of bread. It would give you Goosebumps when you realize that the skeletal remains of these people were intact underneath the dust.
The excavation is still going on in the city of Pompeii and people from every nook, and the corner who are interested in excavations and archaeology can come pursue their research in this city. This Italian Historical City is a laboratory for all the students who study in Italian College of Archeology.
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