Better indicators for foreign workers in Denmark
Labour Market Authority has just launched new and improved statistics on foreign workers employed in Denmark. The new statistics provide a much more comprehensive picture of labor migration. Among other things, for the first time it was made possible to get a reliable estimate of the number of commuters. Overall, the figures show that about 100,000 foreigners are working in Denmark. The numbers of mainly German and Polish commuters have fallen since the crisis broke through, so there are now a total of 20,000 against that of 30,000 in 2008. On the other hand, there are several who both work and live in this country, so the total remains the same as before the crisis.
Better statistics provides new insights
Fewer foreign residents commute to work in Denmark, while several have moved to Denmark to work, according to new inventory.
The number of foreign employees at Danish workplaces has largely remained unchanged, despite last year’s recession. Converted to full time is just over 100,000 foreign nationals employed in Denmark and it is about the same number as three years ago, shows Labour Market Authority’s latest statistics on foreign workers.
Most of the foreign workers have been in Denmark since long. Seven out of ten foreign nationals for jobs in Denmark have held Danish CPR register in more than three years.
The new statistics; based on data from the Aliens Register, CPR register, CVR register and TAX is updated with new groups. This creates entirely new and more detailed information on commuters and Nordic countries that are not yet covered.
Statistics show that maximum Swedish people working in Denmark are commuters. Three-quarters of the roughly 12,000 who work in this country, making the trip across the Sound and Kattegat. The crisis has had a modest effect on the Swedish commuting, which is only slightly lower than in 2008.
By contrast, in the same period, a decrease in the number of Germans and Poles who commute between home and a job in Denmark is marked. The total number of foreign commuters decreased from about 30,000 to about 20,000 since 2008.
Shifts have also taken place. Romanians and Bulgarians have a much larger scale than previous work in Denmark. The number of Romanians working in Denmark since February 2008 almost doubled. Romanians are thus numerically the fifth largest group of foreigners working in Denmark.
More and more Lithuanians have also got jobs in Denmark since 2008, and Danish companies in the same period employed more from the emerging economies in Asia. Converted to full-time employees there are now 1,605 Indians in Denmark – 40 per cent more than in 2008. Slightly more Americans and Chinese have also come to the period, while for the so-called third overall there is a slight decrease.
Most foreign nationals are working in trade and operational services like cleaning. The industries which have attracted foreign nationals largely are health and social services, agriculture, hotels and restaurants. The cleaning industry number remains virtually unchanged.
Half of the foreign nationals are employed in the metropolitan area, while the rest are spread across the rest of the country; mostly in the regions of Southern Denmark and Jutland.