Hong Kong is a special administrative region of the People’s Republic of China. But, until recently, it was part of UK. It is situated on China's south coast and is surrounded by the Pearl River Delta and the South China Sea. The city has skyscrapers, a deep harbor, etc, and is one of the leading financial and commercial centers of the world. Hong Kong regularly receives people who come in as visitors, workmen, investors and traders/businessmen and also as immigrants to settle in Hong Kong. In fact, Hong Kong has an elaborate program to attract and retain immigrants called as the QMAS (Quality Migrant Admission Scheme).
The QMAS (Quality Migrant Admission Scheme) is a quota-based scheme for Hong Kong Immigration. Its principal objective is to draw and retain highly skilled or talented persons to settle down in Hong Kong so as to enable Hong Kong to become economically vibrant and dynamic. Those who apply through this scheme do not even need an offer of employment from a Hong Kong-based employer. But, all the applicants for Hong Kong Immigration need to satisfy some eligibility criteria and pass either one of a points-based test a ‘general points test’ or an ‘achievements-based points test’ and then compete with other candidates for quota allotment to be able to settle in Hong Kong. Also, successful applicants who have been selected through this scheme for Hong Kong Immigration can take along with them their spouse and dependents under the age of 18 years into Hong Kong for Hong Kong Immigration, but only if they can support them financially on their own.
Under the scheme for Hong Kong Immigration, firstly, there are a set of prerequisites which the applicants who wish to settle in Hong Kong must satisfy before they can be given or allotted points under this scheme. These prerequisites are ‘age’, ‘financial requirements’, ‘good character’, ‘language proficiency’ and ‘basic educational qualification’. Thus, under the ‘age’ criterion, the applicant for Hong Kong Immigration must show that he is more than 18 years of age. Under ‘financial requirements’ criterion, the applicant for Hong Kong Immigration must demonstrate that he/she can support himself/herself and his/her dependents. Under good character criterion, he/she must not have any criminal record or similar record. And under the language proficiency criterion, the applicant who seeks to settle in Hong Kong must show that he/she is proficient in written and spoken English or Chinese (Putonghua or Cantonese). Under the basic educational background, the applicant for Hong Kong Immigration must have a first degree from a recognized institution or tertiary institution. Or else, as an alternative, he/she must have satisfactory technical qualifications, evidence of professional abilities and/or experience or achievements, etc.