Canada is a scenic, beautiful, peaceful, economically advanced and prosperous country with friendly inhabitants who come from multiple nationalities, ethnicities, etc. No wonder, then, that many aspire to study, work, live, immigrate, etc, to that country. But, Canada has put in place different procedures and processes which must be followed by each category of applicants before they are allowed to come and arrive in that country. Thus, obviously, as a student applicant, the requirements are different from that of an applicant through family reunification and all of these have to be obligatorily met before the applicant concerned is grated the required status. So also, in addition, if an applicant seeks to arrive in Canada as a citizen, he/she must meet certain stringent conditions and requirements.
The first requirement to obtain citizenship of Canada is that he/she must be a permanent resident of that country. And, the requirements and conditions for obtaining permanent residency are also stringent. First off, one can migrate to Canada under any of the categories of federal skilled workers, family sponsorship, start-up visas, live-in caregivers and refugees. Skilled workers with the right education, work experience, knowledge of English and/or French, and other important factors can also migrate to Canada. Among all of these categories, one of the most popular categories for/of applicants is under that of ‘skilled workers’. Thus, skilled workers who seek permanent residency in Canada have to meet criteria such as minimum requirements as regards work experience (at least one year of continuous work and paid full time work in a single occupation within the last 10 years, etc.) or, have work experience in one of the eligible occupations, or, have a valid offer of employment or he/she must be a Phd. student, etc.
The applicant for permanent residency must also meet minimum eligibility requirements pertaining to work experience, language ability and education. In addition, he/she has to get the minimum necessary points on a ‘points selection grid’. Points are awarded for skills in English and/or French, Canada’s two official languages -- a maximum of 28 points, education (a maximum of 25 points), work experience, age, whether the applicant has ‘arranged employment in Canada’ or not and adaptability. After an assessment as indicated in the aforesaid is complete, the applicant must obtain a minimum of 67 out of a maximum possible of 100 points.
Similarly, for the aspiring applicant, there are separate and elaborate rules in place for obtaining immigration (or, permanent residency) for the other categories such as family sponsorship, start-up visas, live-in caregivers and refugees. And these rules too, must be met before an applicant is considered by CIC (Citizenship and Immigration Canada) for permanent residency.
And, once an applicant obtains the permanent residency status, he/she can then opt for, apply and become a citizen of Canada. The rules for eligibility for Canadian citizenship are quite straightforward and simple. The applicant must meet certain conditions under specific criteria which include: age (at least 18 years of age), be a permanent resident, have resided in Canada for at least 3 years in the past four years before he /she has applied, good ability and capability in English and French, no criminal history or background, be aware of the legal rights, responsibilities and privileges of citizenship, such as participating in the election process and following the laws laid down, etc. If the applicant has met all the previously indicated requirements, then, he/she can formally apply for Canadian citizenship.